A direct listing is a process by which a company can go public by selling existing shares instead of offering new ones. Companies that choose to go public using the direct listing method usually have different goals than those that use an initial public offering (IPO). Direct Listing Process (DLP) is also known as Direct Placement or Direct Public Offering (DPO).
Quick summary points:
A direct listing is a process for a company to become public without going through the initial public offering process.
The process makes existing stock owned by employees and/or investors available for the public to buy and does not require underwriters or a lock-up period.
Direct listing increases liquidity for existing shareholders and is usually cheaper than an IPO.